Etymology The word tafsir is derived from the Arabic root, F-S-R which means to explain, to expound, to disclose. These interpretations have not been collected independently in a book, rather, they have been recorded in hadith books, under the topic of tafsir, along with other narrations of the prophet. Most of the Sahabah, including Abu Bakr refrained from commenting with their personal views, and only narrated comments by Muhammad. Grammatical explanations and historical data are preserved within these books; personal opinions are recorded, whether accepted or rejected. Methodology The mufasireen exegetes listed 15 fields that must be mastered before one can authoritatively interpret the Quran[ citation needed ]: Classical Arabic: Is how one learns the meaning of each word. Arabic Philology: Is important because any change in the diacritical marks affects the meaning, and understanding the diacritical marks depends on the science of Arabic philology.
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He was taught by Ibn Taymiyya and Al-Dhahabi. Upon completion of his studies he obtained his first official appointment in , when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to determine certain questions of heresy.
In he was made preacher khatib at a newly built mosque in Mizza, the home town of his father-in-law. In , he rose to a professorial position at the Great Mosque of Damascus. He died in February AH in Damascus.
He was buried next to his teacher Ibn Taymiyya. He states that: People have said a great deal on this topic and this is not the place to expound on what they have said. Many Sunni Muslims hold his commentary as the best after Tafsir al-Tabari  and it is highly regarded especially among Salafi school of thought.
His tafsir gained widespread popularity in modern times, especially among Western Muslims, probably due to his straight approach, but also due to lack of alternative translations of traditional tafsirs. Henri Laoust regards it primary as a philological work and "very elementary". Norman Calder describes it as narrow-minded, dogmatic and sceptical against the intellectual achievements of former exegetes.
His concern is limited to rate the Quran by the corpus of hadith and is the first, who flat rates jewish sources as unreliable, while simultaneously using them, just as prophetic hadith, selectively to support his prefabricated opinion. Otherwise, Jane Dammen McAuliffe regards this tafsir as, deliberately and carefully selection, whose interpretation is unique to his own judgement to preserve, that he regards as best among his traditions.
It is an alphabetical listing of the Companions of the Prophet and the sayings that each transmitted, thus reconstructing the chain of authority for each hadith. Within the Islamic literary corpus it is highly regarded for its great extent and range, and has been widely translated. Abridged edition available in English. First printed in Cairo — ; several Arabic editions; Unavailable in English. Classified under fiqh divisions.
Commentary on Sahih Al-Bukhari ; unfinished work. The ahkam - large volume on Laws up to the Hajj rituals ; unfinished work. Mawlid "Celebrating the Birthday of the Holy Prophet".
NOTE: Many books listed here remain unpublished.
He was taught by Ibn Taymiyya and Al-Dhahabi. Upon completion of his studies he obtained his first official appointment in , when he joined an inquisitorial commission formed to determine certain questions of heresy. In he was made preacher khatib at a newly built mosque in Mizza, the home town of his father-in-law. In , he rose to a professorial position at the Great Mosque of Damascus. He died in February AH in Damascus.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Tafsir Ibn Kathir - ENGLISH (10 Volumes)