ECOCRITICISM GREG GARRARD PDF

If one hopes to fully grasp the contents, the best approach is slow reading and rereading with Wikipedia close at hand. It is a critical review of the literature, including film, poetry, philosophy, et. It starts by providing a brief account of the various political and philosophical orientations within the broad spectrum of environmentalism. For example, the first perspective is "cornucopia"; cornucopians claim that human welfare increases with population, economic growth and technological progress. As natural resources become scarce, entrepreneurs find substitutes or create efficiencies that ameliorate the issue.

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If one hopes to fully grasp the contents, the best approach is slow reading and rereading with Wikipedia close at hand. It is a critical review of the literature, including film, poetry, philosophy, et. It starts by providing a brief account of the various political and philosophical orientations within the broad spectrum of environmentalism.

For example, the first perspective is "cornucopia"; cornucopians claim that human welfare increases with population, economic growth and technological progress.

As natural resources become scarce, entrepreneurs find substitutes or create efficiencies that ameliorate the issue.

The other orientations are: environmentalism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, social ecology, ecomarxism, and Heideggerian ecophilosophy. The book proceeds to frame the analysis into 6 ecocritical tropes: pastoral, wilderness, apocalypse, dwelling, animals, and earth. Each trope is developed with brief discussions of the principle historical works and their criticisms, chronologically and, at times, geographically.

Ultimately, the purpose of this book and ecocriticism in general is to help people overcome anthropocentricism.

By reviewing the various orientations that authors, artists, and the general public have held toward nature, we become capable of identifying and discouraging those that are harmful and flawed, and promoting the closest approximations of the good and true. I would only recommend reading this book if you have the time to dedicate to independently exploring the tropes in concert with the reading, or if you have a very solid grounding in ecological literature.

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Ecocriticism

Most of this book is an engagement with environmental politics, which Garrard handles well enough. Therefore, we get a reviewer praising it for simply affirming his distates for some brand of environmental politics, rather than for better articulating the field of literary criticism through an ecological lens. The New Critical Idiom books are often oddball constructs. They tend to be written by theorizers and cultural critics whose issue orientation causes them to skip over the basic tenets of a discipline and riff on the fringes. For instance, Garrard wastes a considerable amount of the "Animals" chapter on a Philip K. Dick novel and the nonsense of Andrew Ross and Donna Haraway regarding "cyborgs," along with other pop culture choices, rather than focusing on strong literature incorporating animals and critics that seriously analyzed it--which would have actually represented ecocriticism.

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