Theology Christus Victor: The Salvation of God and the Cross of Christ Because the death and resurrection of Jesus are central to Christian faith, they have been the subjects of theological reflection from the beginning. But in the classic view i. He was also the author of Christus Victor: An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of Atonement , a book that has had considerable influence in the study of theology on the issue of the atonement. The cross is understood not as a work of the love or grace of God but rather of the powers of evil that God overcomes. God will triumph. I propose to look briefly at the Gospel of John and a few passages in Paul to show how certain texts lend themselves to an understanding of the atonement that can aptly be classified under the rubric of Christus Victor.
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Apr 14, Ryan Dufoe rated it really liked it I gave it a 4 as a classic within the history of the church and NOT as a free-standing work. I think much better anthologies of thought on atonement theory have been written, but the importance this book has in bringing the Christus Victor view back into the conversation is part of the reason why the other books are so good. I appreciated the read among my other readings in the field for what it was. Aug 04, Jacob Aitken added it Triumphing over the powers, July 15, This book provides an historically-faithful alternative to the substitutionary and exemplary models of the atonement.
Its strength lies in its presentation of a vivid and robust picture of the work of Christ. Overview: The Christus Victor model presents the work of Christ as a triumph over the devil, powers demons , bondage of sin, and the "law. Christ united humanity to his nature to redeem it.
He redeemed it still united to his nature on the cross. This is to be contrasted with the Latin views of the atonement, which are narrowly penal. The Latin views incorporate merit and penance in the atonment model. For Aulen, this move removes the work of God from the work of Christ in redemption. Criticisms of the work: This is why I give it 4 stars. I do not think he dealt as fairly with St Anselm as he could have. Aulen also used language that begged the question in favor of his position.
Aside from the above criticisms, this is a paradigm-shifting book. Aulen does an excellent job of describing the patriotic view and the development of penal substitution. The classic view posits I finally got around to reading this book. In the satisfaction model, God becomes man in order to pay the penalty due sinful humanity. Aulen deals less with the subjective view, though he treats its main proponents. Before Aulen wrote this book, the Latin and subjective models were treated like a binary in atonement views.
Christus Victor: The Salvation of God and the Cross of Christ
The Orthodox Church still holds to the atonement view, based upon their understanding of the atonement put forward by Irenaeus, called " recapitulation ", Jesus became what we are so that we could become what he is. He does this by satisfying the demands of the Law for a sinless life and by suffering the wrath of the Father for past sins. Packer has notably argued for a version of satisfaction theory with less legal emphasis. In their view, the "divine opposition" is only apparent since the Father desires reconciliation with mankind and Jesus willingly offers himself as a penal substitute. Instead by suffering a death that, before the Law, meant an accursed status, Christ, instead of satisfying an obligation, overthrew the power of the Law, since its condemnation of a perfect man was unjust. Denny Weaver, in his book The Nonviolent Atonement and again recently in his essay "The Nonviolent Atonement: Human Violence, Discipleship and God", traces the further development of the Christus Victor theory or as he calls it "Narrative Christus Victor" into the liberation theology of South America, as well as feminist and black theologies of liberation.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. January This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. Some have argued that the penal substitution theory of the atonement was expressed by the early church fathers, such as Justin Martyr c.