BULTMANN THE HISTORY OF THE SYNOPTIC TRADITION PDF

The History of the Synoptic Tradition. Translated by John Marsh. The History of the Synoptic Tradition demonstrates how Bultmann quests the actual course of historical events about Jesuss spoken words and legends behind the testimony of the synoptic tradition as received by the early Church. In the similar fashion Bultmann uses the subtle patterns of storytelling techniques as evidences of the editorial layer from the original historical sources, and in conclusion, he claims that the Synoptic Tradition was a theological product of the Palestinian Christianity. I think Bultmann is a good reader--an amazing reader even, but his presuppositions and commitments both historically and philosophically are so problematic that it razes his project to the ground.

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After three terms, Bultmann went to the University of Berlin for two terms, and finally to Marburg for two more terms.

He received his degree in [ citation needed ] from Marburg with a dissertation on the Epistles of St Paul , written under the supervision of Johannes Weiss.

Bultmann married Helene Feldmann on 6 August From autumn until the end of the Second World War in he took into his family Uta Ranke-Heinemann , who had fled the bombs and destruction in Essen. He also taught Hannah Arendt. He was a member of the Confessing Church [23] and critical towards Nazism. He spoke out against the mistreatment of Jews, against nationalistic excesses and against the dismissal of non-Aryan Christian ministers.

He did not, however, speak out against "the antiSemitic[sic] laws which had already been promulgated" and he was philosophically limited in his ability to "repudiate, in a comprehensive manner, the central tenets of Nazi racism and antiSemitism[sic]. In the process we learn to distinguish secondary additions and forms, and these in turn lead to important results for the history of the tradition.

His monograph, Das Evangelium des Johannes, highly controversial at the time, became[ when? The same year his lecture New Testament and Mythology: The Problem of Demythologizing the New Testament Message called on interpreters to demythologize The New Testament, in particular he argued for replacing supernatural biblical interpretations with temporal and existential categorizations. His argument, in many ways, reflected a hermeneutical adaption of the existentialist thought of his colleague at the time, the philosopher Martin Heidegger.

This approach led Bultmann to reject doctrines such as the pre-existence of Christ. Bultmann thus thought of his endeavor of "demythologizing the New Testament proclamation" as fundamentally an evangelism task, clarifying the kerygma , or gospel proclamation, by stripping it of elements of the first-century "mythical world picture" that had potential to alienate modern people from Christian faith: It is impossible to repristinate a past world picture by sheer resolve, especially a mythical world picture, now that all of our thinking is irrevocably formed by science.

A blind acceptance of New Testament mythology would be simply arbitrariness; to make such acceptance a demand of faith would be to reduce faith to a work. In both the boasting of legalists "who are faithful to the law" and the boasting of the philosophers "who are proud of their wisdom", Bultmann finds a "basic human attitude" of "highhandedness that tries to bring within our own power even the submission that we know to be our authentic being".

They were not to be excluded, but given explanation so they could be understood for today. Bultmann thought faith should become a present-day reality. To Bultmann, the people of the world appeared to be always in disappointment and turmoil. Faith must be a determined vital act of will, not a culling and extolling of "ancient proofs".

Bultmann said about salvation and eternity: "As from now on there are only believers and unbelievers, so there are also now only saved and lost, those who have life and those who are in death. Blomberg , criticized Bultmann and other critics[ which? Die Geschichte der synoptischen Tradition.

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The History of the Synoptic Tradition

After three terms, Bultmann went to the University of Berlin for two terms, and finally to Marburg for two more terms. He received his degree in [ citation needed ] from Marburg with a dissertation on the Epistles of St Paul , written under the supervision of Johannes Weiss. Bultmann married Helene Feldmann on 6 August From autumn until the end of the Second World War in he took into his family Uta Ranke-Heinemann , who had fled the bombs and destruction in Essen. He also taught Hannah Arendt. He was a member of the Confessing Church [23] and critical towards Nazism.

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Rudolf Bultmann

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