Ravindra Pandey. Columbia Institute of Pharmacy, Raipur C. Abstract Aconitum Heterophyllum A. Heterophyllum is an indigenous medicinal plant of India and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. Heterophyllum is known to possess a number of therapeutic effects. For very ancient times, this plant has been used in some formulations in the traditional healing system of India, i.
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Ravindra Pandey. Columbia Institute of Pharmacy, Raipur C. Abstract Aconitum Heterophyllum A. Heterophyllum is an indigenous medicinal plant of India and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. Heterophyllum is known to possess a number of therapeutic effects. For very ancient times, this plant has been used in some formulations in the traditional healing system of India, i. It is reported to have use in treating patients with urinary infections, diarrhea, and inflammation.
It also has been used as an expectorant and for the promotion of hepatoprotective activity. The chemical studies of the plant have revealed that various parts of the plant contain alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids, saponins, glycosides, quinones, flavonoids, terpenoids, etc. In the present study, a comprehensive phytochemistry and pharmacognosy, as well as the medicinal properties, of A. Heterophyllum are discussed.
Scientific information on the plant was collected from various sources, such as electronic sources Google scholar, Pubmed and some old classical text books of Ayurveda and Ethnopharmacology.
The study also presents a review of the literature on A. Heterophyllum, as well as the primary pharmacological and other important findings on this medicine. This review article should provide useful information to and be a valuable tool for new researchers who are initiating studies on the plant A. Keywords: aconitum heterophyllum, diterpene alkaloids, ranunculaceae 1. Introduction India has an ancient and rich heritage of traditional medicine. Ayurveda is accepted as an ancient medicinal system that originated in Indian.
Ayurveda is accepted to be an upaveda part of Atharavaveda B. All the formulations mentioned in the Ayurvedic Formulary of India are still used in India, and recently, those formulations have begun to spread worldwide [ 1 ]. Aconitum Heterophyllum A.
Heterophyllum is an ayurvedic medicinal plant used as the main ingredient in many formulations mentioned in the Ayurvedic formulary of India. Aconitum species are also used as major components in Chinese and Bhutanese herbal medicines.
This plant is also known in Indian English as atees and atis root, in Sanskrit as ativisha, shuklakanda, aruna, and vishada, in Urdu as atees, in Hindi as atis and atvika, in Bengali as ataish, in Telugu as ati vasa, in Guajarati as ativakhani, in Marathi as ati vish, in Kannada as ati-vishsa, in Malayalam as ati-vidayam, and in Panjabi as atis [ 2 ].
About species of Aconitum are found worldwide, of which 24 species are found in India. Medicinal A. Heterophyllum consists of dried, tuberous roots of A. Heterophyllum Wall. Royle, a perennial herb native to the western Himalayas and found in Kashmir, Uttarakhand Sikkim, and Nepal at altitudes between 2, and 4, m.
Most of the species are highly toxic in nature, being known as the Queen of all poisons, with several species having been used, and still being used, on the tips of hunting spike. Thus, this plant must be handled carefully [ 4 , 5 ]. The plant A. Heterophyllum is reported to have antidiarrheal, expectorant, diuretic, hepatoprotective, antipyretic and analgesic, antioxidant, alexipharmic, anodyne, anti-atrabilious, anti-flatulent, anti-periodic, anti-phlegmatic, and carminative properties; furthermore, it can be used to treat patients with reproductive disorders [ 6 — 8 ].
Table 1 presents its scientific classification.
This process helps to make it consumable for humans and removes its impurities and detoxifies it. It has the beneficial effects on respiratory and digestive systems. Overall, it improves appetite, ability to digest food properly, and metabolism. It reduces inflammation, fat accumulation and Aam toxins in the body. Ativisha in Fever Management Shuddha Ativisha is used to manage the fever. It has antipyretic action, which helps to alleviate and prevent the fever.
Etymology[ edit ] Northern blue monkshood A. They are palmate or deeply palmately lobed with five to seven segments. Each segment again is trilobed with coarse sharp teeth. The leaves have a spiral alternate arrangement. The lower leaves have long petioles. Dissected flower of Aconitum vulparia, showing the nectaries The tall, erect stem is crowned by racemes of large blue, purple, white, yellow, or pink zygomorphic flowers with numerous stamens.